Sodium bicarbonate is a simple chemical which is used in medicine to counteract situations when the blood contains too much acid.
If the heart stops beating after a heart attack, no oxygen will be carried round the body as the blood stops circulating. When this happens, acid tends to accumulate throughout the body and if the patient is given first aid and the heart starts pumping again, the acid may poison the body. Sodium bicarbonate is injected directly into the blood to correct this acidity.
As sodium bicarbonate is only used in medical emergencies, the injection may be given by paramedical personnel such as ambulance or nursing staff.
Sodium bicarbonate should not be given to people:
with high blood pressure
with severe kidney disease
with heart failure
with kidney stones
with some special chemical abnormalities in their blood
As Sodium Bicarbonate Injection is an emergency life-saving product it should not be withheld from anyone who needs it.